Integrated Management of Childhood Illness

Children under five years of age bear a disproportionate share of the global burden of disease, and in response to this challenge, the WHO and the UNICEF developed Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI).[1]

IMCI is a broad strategy that sets priorities for problems that have the greatest impact on child survival, growth and development, including malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea, vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles, and malaria. It's designed to reduce childhood mortality, morbidity and disability in developing countries, and to contribute to improved growth and development of children under five years of age. It encompasses improving (1) case management skills of health providers, (2) the health system, and (3) family and community practices. The latter component is referred to as “community IMCI” (“C-IMCI”).

See also: ICCM, C-IMCI