Cash and Voucher Assistance

Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) is the suggested collective term for use of cash and/or vouchers in humanitarian assistance.[1]

Definition provided by the CaLP:

CVA refers to all programs where cash transfers or vouchers for goods or services are directly provided to recipients. In the context of humanitarian assistance, the term is used to refer to the provision of cash transfers or vouchers given to individuals, household or community recipients; not to governments or other state actors. This excludes remittances and microfinance in humanitarian interventions (although microfinance and money transfer institutions may be used for the actual delivery of cash). The terms ‘cash’ or ‘cash assistance’ should be used when referring specifically to cash transfers only (i.e. ‘cash’ or ‘cash assistance’ should not be used to mean ‘cash and voucher assistance’). This term has several synonyms (see Cash Based Interventions, Cash Based Assistance, and Cash Transfer Programming). Cash and Voucher Assistance is the recommended term.

Further, about the use of the Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) as a collective term:

A range of different terms have been used to refer to the use of cash and/or vouchers in humanitarian assistance. Common examples are ‘Cash Transfer Programming’ (CTP) ‘Cash Based Assistance’ (CBA) and, ‘Cash Based Interventions’ (CBI). While those who are more familiar with the sector understand that terms such as CTP and CBI include both cash and vouchers, the language itself can be misleading. Also, having multiple terms to refer to the same thing is ultimately unhelpful and fosters confusion. CaLP recommends that the term ‘Cash and Voucher Assistance’ (CVA) be used as the collective term. It has the advantage of descriptively matching what it is in practice to reduce misinterpretation.

See also: MPC, CFA, CFT, CFW, and even more acronyms and term definitions in the cited document.